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  • Writer's pictureTina Chan

The Ultimate Guide to Sustainable Fabrics and Materials: A Must-Read for Conscious Shoppers

As the fashion industry continues to grow, so does its environmental impact. From the production of fabrics to the manufacturing of garments, the fashion industry is one of the largest contributors to pollution and waste. As a result, more and more people are turning to sustainable fashion to reduce their impact on the environment.


Different types of organic fabrics

So, if you want to make a conscious choice regarding your wardrobe, here's a guide to sustainable fabrics and materials.

  • Organic Cotton

Conventional cotton is one of the most water-intensive crops and requires large amounts of pesticides and fertilizers. On the other hand, organic cotton is grown without harmful chemicals and is, therefore, better for the environment. Look for organic cotton products with certifications like GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard) or OCS (Organic Content Standard) to ensure that the cotton is truly organic.

  • Organic Linen

Organic linen is a sustainable and durable material made from the fibers of the flax plant. It requires less water and fewer pesticides than conventional cotton and is biodegradable at the end of its life. Organic linen is also naturally cool and breathable, making it a great choice for summer wear.

  • Linen-Lyocell Blend

A linen-lyocell blend combines the sustainability of organic linen with the softness and moisture-wicking properties of lyocell. The blend is lightweight, breathable, and has a slightly slubbed texture, making it a great choice for summer wear.

  • Organic Hemp

Hemp is a highly sustainable crop requiring very little water and no pesticides. It's also naturally resistant to pests and can be grown in various climates. In addition, Hemp can be used to make a variety of fabrics, including denim, and is known for its durability.

  • Organic Wool

Conventional wool production can be harmful to the environment due to the use of pesticides and overgrazing. On the other hand, organic wool comes from sheep that are raised without harmful chemicals and are often free-range. Look for certifications like GOTS or OCS to ensure the wool is organic.

  • Piñatex

Piñatex is a sustainable and vegan alternative to leather. It's made from the fibers of pineapple leaves, which are a byproduct of the fruit industry. Piñatex is lightweight, durable, and water-resistant, making it a great choice for bags, shoes, and other accessories.

  • Vegetable Tanned Leather

Vegetable-tanned leather is a sustainable alternative to conventional leather. It's tanned using natural materials like tree bark and mimosa rather than harsh chemicals, which makes it more eco-friendly. Vegetable-tanned leather is also biodegradable and can be recycled or repurposed at the end of its life.

  • Bamboo

Bamboo is a highly sustainable crop that grows quickly and requires little water or pesticides. It can be used to make a variety of fabrics, including rayon, a type of viscose. Look for bamboo products certified by organizations like the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) or the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC).

  • Econyl

Econyl is a type of regenerated nylon made from recycled materials like fishing nets, carpet scraps, and industrial plastic waste. By using recycled materials, the production of new nylon is reduced, which helps to conserve resources and reduce waste. Econyl can be used to make a variety of fabrics, including swimwear and activewear.

  • Tencel

Tencel is a brand of lyocell, a type of rayon made from wood pulp. It's produced in a closed-loop system, meaning the solvents used in the production process are recycled. As a result, Tencel is a highly sustainable fabric that's also soft, breathable, and durable.

  • Recycled Polyester

Recycled polyester is made from post-consumer waste, such as plastic bottles. Using recycled materials reduces the production of new polyester, which helps conserve resources and reduce waste. In addition, recycled polyester can be used to make a variety of fabrics, including activewear, swimwear, and outerwear.

  • Cork

Cork is a sustainable and renewable material commonly used in footwear and accessories. It's harvested from the bark of cork oak trees, which can regenerate after being harvested. Cork is lightweight, durable, and water-resistant, making it an excellent choice for a variety of products.

  • SeaCell

SeaCell is a type of cellulose fiber made from seaweed and wood pulp. The seaweed used in SeaCell is sustainably harvested and contains vitamins and minerals that benefit the skin. SeaCell is also biodegradable and compostable, making it a great choice for eco-conscious fashion.

  • Cupro

Cupro is a regenerated cellulose fiber made from cotton linter, a byproduct of the cotton industry. It's produced in a closed-loop system, meaning the solvents used in the production process are recycled. Cupro is lightweight, breathable, and moisture-wicking, making it a great choice for summer wear.


When shopping for sustainable fashion, it's important to look for certifications like GOTS, OCS, or the Fair Trade Certified label. These certifications ensure that the products you're buying are made with sustainable materials and that the workers involved in their production are treated fairly.


You're consciously choosing to reduce your environmental impact by choosing sustainable fabrics and materials. Not only are these materials better for the planet, but they're also often higher quality and longer-lasting than their conventional counterparts. So next time you're shopping for a new wardrobe staple, consider choosing a sustainable option.


Leave a comment below if you want to share any sustainable fabrics and materials we have missed. We love to hear new ideas or suggestions. 

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